Rifle Match shooter, shooting in competition cleans his rifle barrel after 8-15 rounds. It is a good rule to clean barrel when 20-30 shots are through as a maximum shots fired. This depends on size of cartridge case, and bore diameter. The larger the cartridge case versus smaller bore diameter, thus the more frequency is needed in cleaning.

Cleaning method 1. After shooting X numbers of shots, the target, varmint or big game shooters should use following method. Wet 2 patches with cleaning solvent (I use Shooters Choice), push from rear, up front through barrel, this takes all loose powder fouling out.

Next it is best to brush the barrel with copper brush, soaked in cleaning solvent, about 10 passes, through barrel. Add solvent to brush after few passes, at muzzle end when brush is out of barrel. After these passes 10 maybe 20 depending on quantity of shots fired and condition of barrel, 2 dry patches are pushed through barrel from rear. Now the rifle barrel should be almost clean!

To clean better it is advisable to soak a plastic brush or fiber brush with solvent and wet the bore of barrel ! Let it stand overnight, and check color of solvent next day. It may come out light green or strong green, depending of copper and powder fouling in barrel. If it comes out strong green, brush some more with copper brush and repeat wetting bore with solvent, and let it stand overnight.

Wetting (soaking) barrels is only advisable with milder safe solvents, read the cleaning solvent bottle instructions. Some stronger Ammonia blended solvents can damage barrels, if left too long in barrel. It is advisable to leave barrels wet with milder solvents until next shooting .


Cleaning method, No 2. Some Rifles can have rough bores, and foul badly. For cleaning them it may be necessary to use stronger solvents Ammonia blended. Use the Ammonia blended solvents carefully and only for soaking wet for 15-20 Min’s. Don’t brush them in with copper brush; this will ruin brush, use plastic or fiber brush. Even abrasives may be used to get out severe copper fouling, but work carefully with them ! Best is to use oil soaked/abrasive patch rolled around a cleaning jag and push through barrel in short strokes, gradually towards the muzzle end. After using Ammonia blended solvents, and or abrasives, it is advisable to use milder solvents to clean barrel and do the color check overnight ! When cleaning process is done it is good workmanship to dry out chamber of gun, clean locking lug area, inside of action and put small dip of grease on locking lugs.

Good Shooting !

Demonstration video of how to clean rifle barrel bore.